Tenkamenin ‘King of Golden Kingdom of Ghana’ One of Great Models of African Rule (1037-1075 A.D.)

King Tenkamenin was born in what’s now referred to as Ghana and Mali. He is associated with us because his people were one among the primary to make iron of metal tools in West Africa .

Ghana was extremely wealthy, often being mentioned because the “Land of Gold.” They controlled the trade route between gold and salt mines and offered protection to the traders in exchange for gold nuggets. The Ghanas received the nuggets and only allowed gold to be traded. additionally to the nuggets they also taxed the salt being traded. Ancient Ghana discovered iron and used it to form simpler tools and weapons. As a result, Ghana became a more powerful empire and had greater control over the trade routes. They also utilized the camel for his or her trading endeavors with other kingdoms.

Ghana was influenced by Arab traders and was actually divided into two towns, one being muslim, the opposite housing the king and traditional society.
The traditional society was pagan and worshipped idols. However, many of the king’s officials were muslim so arabic writing was wont to record information. Also, arab architecture, like mosques, were present within the muslim town.

Although some schools were alive , much of the education was passed down through “griots,” or storytellers. within the evening, people would gather around to listen to the griots and would study their traditions.

Ghana produced beautiful fabrics. They used mud to form designs on cloth then they let the sun bake the mud, creating a permanent design within the fabric. They also created many masks and figures.

Ancient Ghanians were very wealthy, thanks to their control over Western Africa’s trade. The gold mines were within the south and therefore the salt mines were within the north. Being located between these two was an enormous advantage. apart from taxes, the dominion would gain money through silent bartering. Gold would be left at a special place for traders to require . If ample goods weren’t left in exchange, trade would be stopped. instead of cash in of this, most traders would go away quite enough goods reciprocally . They were afraid that powerful Ghana would close them off.

Around the 12th century, a drought hit the dominion . Most of the resources the world trusted , especially gold mining were curtail . The drought had an outsized affect on how the land might be used. What was once a fertile place brimming with cattle, sheep and goats, became dry and dead. Ghana slowly lost all of their trading power. The gold was mined in other places and therefore the economy went elsewhere. Nearby civilizations began to attack the failing empire, starting with the Sosso people. In 1235, the Mali empire officially took over.

The country of Ghana reached the peak of its greatness during the reign of Tenkamenin. Though his carefull management of the gold trade across the Sahara into West Africa , Tenkamenin’s empire flourished But his greatest strengh wasn’t in economics, but in governance.

Each day Tenkamenin would last out on horseback and hear the issues and concerns of his people, he insisted that nobody be denied an audience which they be allowed to stay in his presence untill satisfied that justice had been done.

His principle of democratic Monarchy and non secular tolerance made Tenkamenin reign one among the good models of African rule.
Source: HBCU Connect

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